What Are The Effects Of A Brain Injury?

Physical, Cognitive, & Behavioral Effects of Brain Injury

The brain cells, unlike the human bodies, are incapable of replacing themselves. Thus, once the brain has undergone damage, the remaining brain cells must compensate in order to preserve activity and learn and adapt to the changes. According to the U.S. department of Health and Human Services, for an estimated 1.7 million individuals that receive a traumatic brain injury in a single year, life will never be the same.

Right Side of Brain Injuries Can Cause:

  • Attention Difficulties
  • Visual Perception Impairments
  • Damages Reasoning & Problem Solving Skills
  • Memory & Communication Difficulties
  • Organization Complications

Left Side Brain Injuries Can Cause:

  • Listening & Speaking Difficulties
  • Difficulties in Reading & Writing
  • Decreased Memory of Messages
  • Complications in Analyzing Information
  • Extreme Reactions (Depression, Anxiety, Etc.)

A brain injury patient has a long road to recovery. Everything from the way the brain processes and communicates to behavior and personality can all be altered or abandoned due to a brain injury. Learning to function with the results of trauma can be a frustrating procedure and, while two cases may look similar on paper, no two brain injuries are alike. Doctors and scientists, unfortunately, are still puzzled by various aspects of the brain and its recovery process, making the attainable level and speed of recovery an uncertainty.

While there is no way to predict how long it will take to accommodate and overcome the difficulties and inconveniences that accompany a traumatic brain injury, there is no reason to be alarmed by the changes. From memory and decision making to reading, writing, and speech impairments, brain injuries are incapable of regeneration. However, the brain can revise and change the way it communicates, adapting through consistent stimulation and exercise of the cells. Thus, patience and perseverance may be more important to recovery than one might think.

Brain Damage

Cognitive Changes

  • Processing & Understanding Information
  • Attention & Concentration
  • Memory & Communication
  • Problem Solving & Judgement Skills
  • Controlling Impulses

Similarly, there are often many physical changes that take place, since the brain’s way of communicating to the body can be impaired. This is referred to as a “neuromotor issue.” While sleeping can be disrupted, the senses may be off kilter, and once easily accomplished tasks can be too tiring to finish, neuromotor problems are typically associated with the inability to initiate, maintain, or execute a movement or muscular control. Often times in the recovery process, injured individuals will be aided in determining capabilities and courses of action that are achievable and are then trained in how to execute them. Obviously, it takes time and effort, but consistent practice can make all the difference in the length and speed of recovery.

Physical Changes

  • Strength & Energy Level
  • Muscle Control & Balancing
  • Swallowing & Bowel Movements
  • Smell, Speech, & Vision

Perhaps the hardest differences to come to terms with are those associated with personality and behavior shifts. The way in which an injured person feels, reacts, and motivates themselves can range from seemingly fine to worrisome, hitting every part of the spectrum in a short span of time. It is a very emotional and unpredictable part of recovery. Acceptance, patience, and therapy are very important for the injured individual and their loved ones. A healthy outlook and state of mind can speed up the healing process somewhat, but ultimately, brain injuries leave everyone involved with feelings of uncertainty.

Behavior Changes

  • Confused & Agitated
  • Property, Self, & Physical Destruction
  • Depression & Anger Management
  • Lack of Responsiveness

Instead of lingering with the questions of what you can do and how to go about it, contact Coffey McPharlin. We have extensive experience in dealing with traumatic brain injury cases and we can assist you in getting yourself or your loved one the necessary care to make the best recovery possible. We consult with medical professionals, neuropsychologists, and even – at times – bio-mechanical experts on our client’s condition, care, and the steps moving forward.

Get in touch today to set up your free, initial consultation and begin the conversation on how the team at Coffey McPharlin can help you.