Most Common Types of Truck Accidents & Injuries

Truck accidents are a significant concern on roads and highways across the United States. Due to their massive size and weight, trucks can cause severe damage and catastrophic injuries when involved in accidents. Understanding the most common types of truck accidents and the injuries they cause can help in preventing these incidents and in knowing what legal steps to take if involved in one.

Common-Types of Truck Accidents

Types of Truck Accidents

1. Jackknife Accidents

Jackknife accidents occur when a truck’s trailer swings out to the side, forming an angle with the cab that resembles a folding pocket knife. This usually happens when the truck skids or brakes suddenly. The trailer’s momentum can cause it to swing uncontrollably, leading to severe multi-vehicle collisions.


  • Sudden braking
  • Slippery road conditions
  • Driver error


  • Proper braking techniques
  • Regular maintenance of braking systems
  • Driver training on handling emergencies

2. Rear-End Collisions

Rear-end collisions involving trucks can be particularly devastating due to the sheer force of impact from a heavy vehicle. These accidents often occur when a truck follows another vehicle too closely and cannot stop in time to avoid a collision.


  • Tailgating
  • Distracted driving
  • Speeding


  • Maintaining a safe following distance
  • Use of advanced braking systems
  • Awareness and adherence to speed limits

3. Underride Accidents

Underride accidents happen when a smaller vehicle slides underneath the rear or side of a truck. These accidents are often fatal due to the lack of protection for the vehicle occupants when the upper structure of their vehicle collides with the truck.


  • Sudden stops
  • Lack of underride guards
  • Poor visibility


  • Installation of underride guards
  • Proper vehicle lighting and reflectors
  • Enhanced driver awareness

4. Rollover Accidents

Rollover accidents are when a truck tips over onto its side or roof. These accidents are typically caused by taking curves too fast, sudden maneuvers, or uneven loads. Rollovers can lead to multi-vehicle pile-ups and significant roadway obstructions.


  • Speeding around curves
  • Improperly secured loads
  • Driver inexperience


  • Adherence to speed limits
  • Proper cargo loading and securing
  • Driver training on handling curves and turns

5. T-Bone Collisions

T-bone collisions occur when the front of a truck crashes into the side of another vehicle, forming a “T” shape. These accidents often happen at intersections when a truck runs a red light or stop sign.


  • Running red lights or stop signs
  • Distracted driving
  • Fatigue


  • Adherence to traffic signals
  • Defensive driving techniques
  • Adequate rest for drivers

6. Head-On Collisions

Head-on collisions are among the most severe types of truck accidents, occurring when a truck collides front-first with another vehicle. These often result in fatalities or life-altering injuries due to the combined force of impact.


  • Wrong-way driving
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Impaired driving


  • Strict adherence to road signs and signals
  • Anti-fatigue measures for drivers
  • Zero tolerance for driving under the influence

Common Injuries in Truck Accidents

1. Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI)

TBIs occur when the head is subjected to a sudden impact or jolt, commonly experienced during truck accidents. These injuries can range from mild concussions to severe brain damage, significantly affecting cognitive abilities and motor functions. Immediate medical attention is crucial for TBIs, as they can have long-term or permanent impacts on a victim’s quality of life.

2. Spinal Cord Injuries

The impact of a truck accident can damage the spinal cord, resulting in partial or complete paralysis. Such injuries often require extensive medical care, and rehabilitation, and can lead to permanent disability, dramatically altering the victim’s lifestyle and independence.

3. Broken Bones

The sheer force of a truck collision can easily cause fractures and broken bones in various parts of the body. Commonly affected areas include the arms, legs, ribs, and pelvis, often necessitating surgery, immobilization, and prolonged recovery periods.

4. Internal Injuries

High-impact truck accidents can lead to internal injuries such as organ damage and internal bleeding. These injuries are often life-threatening and require immediate medical intervention to prevent serious complications or death.

5. Whiplash and Neck Injuries

Whiplash occurs when the neck is forcibly thrown back and forth, causing strain on the muscles and ligaments. This injury is frequent in rear-end collisions involving trucks, leading to chronic pain and reduced mobility if not properly treated.

6. Lacerations and Abrasions

Broken glass, metal, and other debris from a truck accident can cause deep cuts and abrasions. These injuries may result in significant blood loss and require stitches or other medical treatments to prevent infection and promote healing.

7. Burns

Truck accidents involving fires or explosions can cause severe burn injuries, leading to long-term scarring and disfigurement. Victims may need extensive reconstructive surgeries and ongoing care to manage the physical and emotional impact of their injuries.

8. Psychological Trauma

The emotional and psychological impact of a truck accident can be profound. Victims may experience post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression, requiring mental health support and therapy to overcome the trauma and regain a sense of normalcy.

How Coffey McPharlin Can Assist

Expertise in Truck Accident Cases

At Coffey McPharlin, our team of experienced Florida truck accident lawyers understands the complexities of these cases. We are dedicated to helping victims of truck accidents secure the compensation they deserve for their injuries, lost wages, medical bills, and pain and suffering.

Comprehensive Legal Support

We provide comprehensive legal support, including:

  • Thorough investigation of the accident
  • Gathering and preserving evidence
  • Negotiating with insurance companies
  • Representing clients in court if necessary

Maximizing Compensation

Our goal is to maximize the compensation for our clients. This includes pursuing claims for:

  • Medical expenses
  • Lost wages and loss of earning capacity
  • Pain and suffering
  • Emotional distress
  • Property damage

Client-Focused Approach

We understand that being involved in a truck accident is a traumatic experience. Our client-focused approach ensures that we provide compassionate and personalized support throughout the legal process.

Contact a Florida Truck Accident Attorney Today

Truck accidents are among the most dangerous and deadly incidents on the road. Understanding the types of truck accidents and the injuries they cause can help in prevention and in knowing the steps to take if involved in one. At Coffey McPharlin, we are committed to helping victims of truck accidents navigate the legal complexities and secure the compensation they deserve. If you or a loved one has been involved in a truck accident, contact us today at (954) 289-6316 to schedule a consultation and take the first step toward justice. We’re Good Lawyers Helping People!